An analysis of the characteristics and causes of performance slumps among professional athletes

Physical and emotional problems of elite female gymnasts. It would be interesting to know how many students began the freshmen year with no sign of an eating disorder, but, faced with the demands of study and pressures from friends, teammates, and coaches, became vulnerable to disordered eating.

These are all factors that can substantially impact the likelihood of future negative performances and lead to an unexplained slump in performance. The participants ranged in age from 17 to 34, with a mean age of Further research should be conducted to validate the slump perceptions of athletes with objective measures of slumps, such as coach ratings and sport-specific performance indicators e.

Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology, 2, Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes pp. Prevalence of disordered-eating behaviors in undergraduate female collegiate athletes and non-athletes. One of the first attempts to systematically define and measure causal attribution dimensions was conducted by Abramson, Seligman, and Teasdale to explore the explanations made by depressed individuals.

The Attribution Style Questionnaire. Based on the scores for acute and chronic adverse health effects, the prevalence of use, social harm and criminality, AAS were ranked among 19 illicit drugs as a group of drugs with a relatively low harm.

This issue is important, since upon matriculation the freshman athlete is faced with the same increased academic and social demands of the non-athlete. These researchers focused on three dimensions of causal explanations that relate to negative or positive outcomes: Physiological and psychological fatigue in extreme conditions: Blood-clotting problems High blood pressure and cholesterol Liver problems.

Unexplained slumps are one of the most frustrating and stressful experiences that athletes must cope with throughout their sporting career. Attitudes toward eating and exercise: For instance, recent findings have suggested that athletes often report problems such as negative and unsatisfactory relationships with teachers, coaches, and fellow athletes Humphrey et al.

The findings reported in this paper are preliminary and based on the self-reporting of past unexplained slumps by athletes and their self-report measures of causal attributions to past performances.

Eating Disorders Among Female College Athletes

A mental health model. Journal of Social Issues, 55 2— A recent study concerning the effect of yoga on psychological functioning in women with a history of disordered eating reported that modalities, such as yoga, offer potential benefits for improving mood and other psychological states.

These substances have been used by elite athletes since the s, but they did not become widespread drugs of abuse in the general population until the s.

Regardless of whether this outcome is a time, a distance, or a score --the result is clear, and for the most part, objective. This study was subject to several limitations.

Athletes & Eating Disorders

The paper-based survey resulted in a rate of Behavioral effects of AAS include hypomanic or manic symptoms, sometimes accompanied by aggression or violence, which usually occur while taking AAS, and depressive symptoms occurring during AAS withdrawal.

The findings of this study demonstrated that participants in the no-slump group showed higher frontal theta activity than their counterparts in the slump group. Comprehensive investigations of diversion and misuse among these populations should be a major research priority, as should the assessment of abuse and dependence criteria among those identified as regular users.

This is important because recent studies Murray, have found that athletes may be in particular need of counseling for a variety of additional stress-related concerns, including time management, burnout, fear of failure, anxiety, depression, and self-esteem issues.

The CDS-II consists of four attribution dimensions with the control dimension separated into personal control and external control.

With higher stakes involved, such distortions create negative externalities not only on the individual level lasting health damages, for example but also frictions on the aggregate level such as loss of media interest and erode the principle of sports.

Explanatory style among elite hockey players. For each source of stress, the means were compared between the two groups using t-tests. Psychological Review, 51, When a female athlete is still winning or competing and ill, it may be easier to deny an active problem with food or eating.

Human anterior and frontal midline theta and lower alpha reflect emotionally positive state and internalized attention: Eating Disorders, CQ Researcher, 2 47— When the participants were asked how self-conscious they are about their appearance, The Sport Psychologist, 2 1 The Sport Psychologist, 2, It is also likely that some teams are more slump prone than others, and that future research could also examine the link between team attributions and unexplained slump frequency.Athletes from a variety of team and individual sports (N = ) provided background information about themselves and a recent slump in sporting performance they had experienced.

The slump-specific information included perceptions of loss, threat, challenge, and stress, as well as dimensional ratings for the primary cause of the slump.

There are significant data comparing elite and nonelite athletes in anaerobic field and court sports as well as endurance sports. This review delineates specific performance characteristics in the. Athletes are at high risk for eating disorders, particularly females athletes.

Learn the common sign and characteristics of anorexia and bulimia in athletes, and treatment recommendations. Eating Disorder Hope offers free information on body image, anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorders. A subjective questionnaire was conducted to identify athletes in a slump (i.e., the slump group) and not in a slump (i.e., the no-slump group).

EEG data was recorded at 4 regions (left prefrontal, right prefrontal, left frontal, and right frontal). While geared to sports medicine professionals, the position statement from the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (DiFiori JP, et al.) provides helpful guidance to sports parents on the causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of burnout in youth athletes.

Some athletes reported rarely or never experiencing an unexplained slump (23%), but most athletes reported that unexplained slumps were an occasional problem throughout their sporting career (54%).

Unexplained sporting slumps and causal attributions.

And there were some athletes who reported these slumps to be a very common problem (23%).

An analysis of the characteristics and causes of performance slumps among professional athletes
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